1. Why Mongoia?
Are you getting stressed of all these everyday troubles?
Do you want somewhere where there is no public, traffic, wifi, social media etc,.?
So come to Mongolia and enjoy the wild vast nature, meet people with greatest hospitality, interest the rich tradition, just enjoy your time and relax.
MIAT plane in Ulaanbaatar
Thanks to a booming mining sector, Chinggis Khaan International Airport (ULN IATA) in Ulaanbaatar is now connected to most major airport hubs in Asia and a few in Europe. National air carrier MIAT Mongolian Airlines operates daily flights (during some peak season – twice a day) from Beijing and Seoul, twice a week flights from Hong Kong, Berlin, Moscow and Tokyo (during some peak season – from Narita). During peak summer season it increases flight frequencies and operates flights from Berlin, via Moscow, and Osaka. There are branch offices in Berlin, Moscow, Hong Kong, Seoul, Tokyo and Beijing. Mongolia-based Hunnu Air flies 3 times a week to Bangkok, 5 flights a week to Hong Kong, and 2 a week to Shanghai.
There are almost daily flights from Seoul on Korean Air as well as other flights through Beijing, and 3 flights a week to Istanbul. It is also possible to fly to Ulaanbaatar through Tokyo’s Narita Airport. Don’t buy a non-refundable or unchangeable ticket if you are going to Mongolia, because flights don’t always actually happen.
The Trans-Mongolian Line of the legendary Trans-Siberian Railway links Mongolia’s capital Ulaanbaatar with Moscow and Vladivostok, Russia and Beijing, China. With the exception of a short railway in the east linking Choibalsan with Russia, this is the only railroad in Mongolia.
There is a small water boiler at the end of each train car which dispenses free hot water, so it’s a good idea to stock up on instant noodles and tea for the trip. Also, don’t expect to encounter any English-speaking staff on the train or in the stations.
The ideal Mongolia travel season starts in May and hits its highest peak in July, during the Naadam holiday, and in August when the weather is most favourable for travelling. This is the best time if you like the culture and can bear the crowds of other tourists. It is not a good time if you want to get away from your busy lifestyle because you will experience traffic, busy schedules, waiting in lines, etc.
September is also a very good time to visit, and October is not too late to travel to Mongolia. It is still warm during the days but a bit chilly during the nights. In the autumn, Mongolia is not very crowded, and this is time for late-comers and last-minute, unplanned trips. You will get to sightsee, enjoy the culture, and taste mare’s milk, a bitter and at first somewhat unpleasant drink, throughout the country.
For visitors not afraid of cold or fermented mare’s milk, travelling to Mongolia from November till the Lunar New Year is still an option. Winter tourism is a developing area of the Mongolian tourism industry.
The most rewarding experience will be visiting the nomads, as this is the time when you will experience their culture first-hand during “Tsagaan Sar” or the traditional (Lunar) New Year celebration.
Travelers will have the opportunity to watch lots of cultural activities: singing, dancing, wrestling, and winter horse racing.
Mongolia is known to have 250-260 sunny days throughout the year, so you will need good UV protection. During winter, protect your eyes, and during summer, protect your skin.
The country can be categorized into five distinct regions based on culture and geography. These regions are further divided into 21 provinces and one special municipality.
includes Ulaanbaatar and the popular tourist region of Arkhangai
birth place of Genghis Khan and heart of the Mongolian steppe
as the name implies, home to the immense Gobi Desert
has much of Mongolia’s forests and the massive Hövsgöl Lake
home of Lake Uvs Nuur and Tavan Bogd Mountains, is also the most diverse region with a dozen different tribes including the Kazakhs
Mongolian cuisine is much influenced by the continental climate that dominates the region, and also a bit by the Russian and Chinese cultures. Meat and dairy form the staple diet of this nomadic cuisine, with the use of vegetables being limited. The meat of horse, yak, beef, lamb and even camel is consumed as delicacies.
1. Khorkhog – The Mongolian Barbeque
What is it: Lamb cooked inside a pot over an open fire with carrots, onions, and potatoes. The specialty of this dish is that during cooking, smooth stones are placed in the container to foster the cooking process.
What does it taste like: The smoky flavor of the meat complements the bland taste of the vegetables.
2. Boodog – A traditional roast
What is it: Whole goat, with fillings of hot stones, onions, and potatoes inside it, so that it is cooked within its skin. Apart from goats, whole marmots are also used for this method.
What does it taste like: A very wholesome authentic Mongolian dish, having a meaty aroma and flavor.
3. Buuz – A variation of dumpling
What is it: Flour dough, filled with shredded beef or mutton, cooked with onion, garlic and pepper, and then steamed.
What does it taste like: Quite similar to dumplings, however, more intense and a bit fatty.
4. Khuushuur- Type of fried dumpling
What is it: Large sized, flat fried dumpling, filled with shredded mutton or beef. With your choice you can make it with vegetables like potato, cabbage, or carrot, choice is up to you.
What does it taste like: Usually it is favorite dish for everyone. Even foreigners love it during their visit.
5. Tsuivan – A noodle stew
What is it: Noodles cooked with pork, beef or mutton and a dash of cabbage, onion, and carrots.
What does it taste like: The meatiness of the stew blends in with the unhampered flavor of the vegetables to create a unique taste.
6. Guriltai Shul – The Mongolian noodle soup
What is it: This traditional dish is basically mutton soup or stock served with noodles and veggies. The authentic recipe calls for fatty meat, though loin meat can also be used.
What does it taste like: The acidity of the soup, often prepared with curd made from yak’s milk, and the rawness of the mutton makes it a sinful appetizer!
8. Airag – The national beverage
What is it: Milk of mare is fermented and served as a mild alcoholic beverage.
What does it taste like: Has a bit of a sour tang, but is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals.
9. Suutei tsai – Milk tea
What is it: Mongolian tea called suutei tsai is served with nearly every meal, and will be offered every time you visit Mongolian families. The tea is served in small bowls as opposed to cups. The tea is made with green tea, milk, water and salt. Yes, salt! You may think it is so strange to add salt in tea, but it is actually quite good. Of course the amount you use is up to you. Hope you will enjoy the tea with our really good Mongolian feast, just try it!
What does it taste like: Creamy, milky and salty. But it is so relaxing, and warming. You will feel like recharging your energy after one bowl.
10. Boortsog – The Mongolian dough
What is it: This Mongolian finger food is a version of the original dough, and is served with more butter.
What does it taste like: Crunchy and crusty, these are a hot favorite among both children and adults!
11. Aaruul- Dried cheese (tsagaan idée)
What is it: Dried cheese made of yogurt. One of several products made of milk in Mongolia which are called tsagaan idee.
What does it taste like: It depends on how it’s made. Usually it is sour and quiet hard to take a bite. It will be less sour and sweet if you add sugar while making it.
6. What to pack/bring to travel in Mongolia?
Mongolia has 4 seasons and depending on which season, you’ll need a lot of things.
Generally, the summers are hot, the winters are cold and the spring and fall are in between. When packing for your tour try to pack light and comfortable so that your luggage won’t hinder your adventure.
When it comes to clothes you may need:
- Comfortable bootsfor walking (not too heavy) – Probably one of the most important things to bring. Mongolian terrain is rugged and makes walking and trekking easier.
- Rubber slippersto wear in ger camp and tourist resort bathrooms
- Sandalsmay also be an option
- Casual clothesto wear in the city
- Warm coat or jacket– Though its mostly warm and sunny in the summer, sometimes the weather gets really chilly in the evening and nights.
- Raincoat (optional) – For when it rains.
- Short sleeved T-shirts– For the sunny morning and afternoon.
- Shorts – Needed for the sunny morning and afternoon.
- Trousers – Needed for the evening and the pesky mosquitos
- Long sleeved shirts– Needed for the same reason
- Hat –Helpful when its sunny. Sometimes it is burning hot and a hat will prevent you from getting sun sick.
Now for some supplies:
- Large, Spacious Bag– Having a large bag to put your necessary items is usually a good idea. Moving your belongings is also easy and its fairly easy to maintain.
- Small backpack or bag – In addition to your large bag, having a small, easy to carry around bag may also be necessary. To put things that you may need to carry around like a camera, phone, napkins, money… etc.
- Sun glasses – For when it gets sunny.
- Water bottle – To keep you refreshed and hydrated.
- Batteries – For your lights and virtually everything that works with batteries. Keeping a handful supply may come in handy.
- Personal medication – Though we provide first-aid kits and basic medication you may need to bring your own based on your travel knowledge, allergic symptoms… etc.
- Headlamp or Torch – For visibility in the evening. Can also be used inside the tent and also makes reading possible.
- Camera – The best part of traveling is sightseeing. And recording these moments is crucial.
- Binoculars – When you want to take a good look at everything! Seeing animals and majestic attractions from a distance is also a thrilling experience.
- Toiletries – Towels, toothbrush, toothpaste, liquid soap… etc.
- Transformer – You may need a transformer socket for your chargers and devices to fit. Most sockets in Mongolia are Schuko/Russian type.
- Sunscreen – Things get really heated here sometimes. So carrying some sun screen/lotion will definitely come in handy.
- Insect Repellent – Mosquitoes are sometimes a menace. They are mostly found in the evenings. So sleeved clothes and insect repellent will provide you with protection.